Tag Archives: safety

Beach Safety

Ah, springtime, how we’ve missed you and your warm embrace so. With spring comes, of course, the warm weather, longer daylight hours, and eventually the long-awaited summer.

Sometimes it feels like summer is years away (especially lately here on the East Coast where we’ve been experiencing some not-very-spring-like temperatures and lots of rain), but in fact, summer is actually pretty close. And with summer brings two of our favorite things: sun and sand.

If you’re planning to make your way to the beach this summer, there a few things to keep in mind so you end up having a relaxing time outdoors. After all, what else is more relaxing than spreading out under an umbrella on the sand in front of the water? Beaches are practically made to be stress-free!

California beach.

Seriously, this photo just radiates “relaxation.” [Image: http://fineartamerica.com/]

Friends that swim together don’t get separated in dangerous riptides together.

Probably the most dangerous thing you can encounter at the beach are rip currents. They’ll pull and push you around, and before you know it, you’re farther from the beach than you feel comfortable being. A rip current can be deadly, so knowing how to look out for one and what to do if you find yourself caught in the tide is important for all beach-goers.

From the shore, you can see where riptides are occurring due to the sandy-colored areas where the current is pulling sand from the bottom as they form. You can also see darker water, which tells you that it may be a deeper area that a rip current has formed in. Oftentimes, you can see choppy water in those areas, and you may even see seaweed and foam moving in lines.


What are you waiting for? Get in that water! [Image: http://www.asiantour.com/]

The most important thing to remember if you get caught in a riptide is to not panic. If you feel yourself being pulled, you should swim perpendicular to that pull (typically this is parallel to the shoreline) until you don’t feel its tug any longer. If you can’t swim away from it, float until you no longer feel the pull and then make your way back to shore. Or if none of these options is feasible, wave your arms and call out to a lifeguard that you need help.

Relax. “Jaws” is not at all indicative of a normal beach experience.

Shark attacks are incredibly rare—you’ve probably heard the comparison that you have a higher chance of being struck by lightning or of being in a fatal car accident than you doing being attacked by a shark. In the U.S., there are an average of 16 shark attacks each year, with only one being fatal every two years.

But maybe it’s not the unlikely odds that scare you; maybe you’re just afraid of being unprepared, which is totally reasonable. So here’s what you can do if you find yourself near a shark.

Sharks with human teeth.

Another tip: Picturing sharks with human teeth makes them way less intimidating. [Image: http://distractify.com/]

Before you head into the water, you should avoid drawing attention to yourself in a way that might be appealing to a shark. That means don’t go into the water if you’re even slightly bleeding or menstruating, don’t wear bright colors or jewelry that could catch a shark’s eye, and don’t splash around excessively.

If you take all the proper precautions and still find yourself facing off with a shark, your best bet is to hit them in one of their sensitive areas (snout, eyes, or gills). Unlike how people say you should play dead if you’re attacked by a bear, you should fight against a shark with everything you have.

I scream, you scream, we all scream for sunscreen.


Putting sunscreen on might feel like a pain to do, but it’s even worse dealing with the aftermath of a bad sunburn. [Image: http://ryot.huffingtonpost.com/]

Melanoma is no joke, and beach-goers should be especially keen to apply generous amounts of sunscreen throughout the day when spending time at the beach. SPF 15 or higher is advised, depending on how easily you tend to burn. Additionally, keeping yourself in shady areas or wearing a hat are also helpful for avoiding excessive sunburn.

Prolonged exposure to the sun as well as dehydration can lead to heat exhaustion, heat stroke, or even sun poisoning. You’ll know if you’re experiencing one of these illnesses if you feel dizzy, fatigued, have a headache, have muscle cramps, your skin is pale, you’re sweating a lot or not at all, your heart is racing, you have a fever, and through many other symptoms. If you think you have one of these conditions, remove unnecessary clothing, drink more water, cool off in a bath or shower, or seek a medical professional.

Fish are friends, not food. And also not something you should really mess around with in general.

Even though going to the beach is usually reserved for vacations or days off, it’s best to keep in mind that you’re in the home of many different ocean animals and plants. As always, go into a park or beach with respect for the wildlife that live there and for the environment that you’re also enjoying.

That being said, there are plenty of creatures that you’ll come across at the beach that you might want to avoid. This includes crabs, jellyfish, mussels, clams, and barnacles to name a few. If you don’t want to get scraped, stung, or pinched, then be careful of where you tread and swim!

Crabs everywhere.

Just watch where you step! [Image: https://www.reddit.com/]

Hopefully these tips are early enough to prepare you for beach season this year. Stock up now on sunscreen, sandals, bathing suits, umbrellas, and all the other fun things to take to the beach. And, as always, make sure to bring your Pocket Ranger® mobile apps with you to make exploring and relaxing even easier!

The Nitty Gritty About Survival Kits

Survival kit essentials and backpack [Image: thenexttrailhead.com/post/45569963707/diy-first-aid-wilderness-survival-kit]

Image: thenexttrailhead.com/post/45569963707/diy-first-aid-wilderness-survival-kit

Heading into the great outdoors? In addition to your first aid kit, don’t forget to pack a survival kit! While everyone has preferences of what they like to include in their personal survival kit, here’s a list of our 11 must-haves.

1. Lighter

A small plastic lighter can make all the difference in an emergency. Also consider packing a magnesium starter or a book of matches as back-up.

2. Cell Phone

Cell phones are practically mandatory survival items these days. Just don’t forget to bring a charger. For more remote locations, a satellite phone may be necessary.

3. Iodine Tablets

In addition to bringing enough water, fill a small pill bottle with iodine tablets. Iodine tablets are perfect for survival kits because they are way easier to pack than a water filter. These tablets don’t add the best taste to water, but they will get you through those areas where drinking water isn’t readily available.

Two hikers on the trail in the evening [Image: Image: outdoorgearmadness.com/petzl-myo-rxp-review]

Image: outdoorgearmadness.com/petzl-myo-rxp-review

4. Flashlight

What you thought was a day hike turns into an overnight affair. That’s when you’re really going to need your flashlight and/or headlamp. Just don’t forget to pack extra batteries!

5. Knife

A pocket knife is good. A multi-tool knife is great.

6. Tinder

Whether you bring along some homemade fire starter or a vial of emergency tinder tablets, dry kindling will be a godsend when you’re looking to start a fire.

If your day hike turns midway into a camping trip, you'll be glad you packed a survival kit. [Image:  www.exposureguide.com/outdoor-photography-tips.htm]

If your day hike turns midway into a camping trip, you’ll be glad you packed a survival kit. [Image: www.exposureguide.com/outdoor-photography-tips.htm]

7. Energy Bar

Stash an energy bar or two into your survival kit. When the going gets rough, an energy bar will feel like a feast.

8. Compass & Maps

Even the best technology can fail, which is why bringing along a compass and map is so essential. Before hitting the trail, be sure that you are packing the most up-to-date map!

9. Waterproof Shell

Even if the forecast says sunny, pack a light, waterproof outer shell. This shell should also act as a windbreaker.

After a day like this, you'll be so glad you packed extra socks. [Image: treelinebackpacker.com/2014/08/09/backpacking-in-the-rain]

After a day like this, you’ll be so glad you packed extra socks. [Image: treelinebackpacker.com/2014/08/09/backpacking-in-the-rain]

10. Water Bottle

If you’ve got the space, bring an extra water bottle. You never know when you’ll need an extra container.

11. Extra Hiking Socks

Knowing you’ve packed a pair of dry hiking socks may be the ticket to getting you through those downtrodden moments on the trail. Thick socks can also double as mittens.

Many of these items and more can be found within our Pocket Ranger® Gear Store! Or take our 2-minute Pocket Ranger® Survey and you could win a $350 gift certificate to Backcountry.com!

An Ode To Turning Around

Contributed by Michael Restivo of Mike off the Map

Rocky mountaintop [Image Credit: Michael Restivo]

Image Credit: Michael Restivo

We stood before an icy couloir that divided Mt. Meeker from the Diamond Face of Longs Peak. Behind us, up a desolate, cold valley, the sunrise illuminated the rock in a brilliant gold hue. We huddled with the wind at our back, barely trying to stay on our feet, ice axe in hand and crampons firmly gripped to our boots. In the brief moments of calm between gusts funneling through the couloir, we pondered our chances on the Dreamweaver Route. Our plan was to climb in alpine-style: fast, light, no rope, and relying on our tools and efficient movement to ascend the 60-degree ramp to the summit ridge. As we stared up the face and came to a decision, a blast of spindrift – swirling, icy crystals of snow, had us pulling our hoods over our mouths. I turned to my partner and I said the words that no climber likes to hear:

I don’t think this is a good idea.

Rocky mountain summit with snow [Image Credit: Michael Restivo]

Image Credit: Michael Restivo

Alpine climbing is always a gamble and never a certainty. Unlike a day at the crag where you have ample time to relax and take in the view, alpine climbing is about efficiency and constant movement. In the mountains, you’re fighting against the weather, the condition of the snow, the movement of other parties ahead of you, and a variety of factors that are determined to slow down the climb. The best alpinists became that way because they knew when to make the call to turn back from the summit. During the ascent, there’s a constant state of awareness regarding the changing conditions. A bluebird day turns into storm clouds and blasting winds within minutes. The snow softens, becomes too warm, and risks sliding. If you’re within yards of the summit, you know to ask yourself:

I may make it to the top, but do I have the ability to make it back down?

This is the question that should plague every hiker, backcountry skier, climber, or snowshoer. During high-intensity backcountry excursions, self-assessment and condition awareness is crucial. How fast is the party moving? What’s everyone’s condition regarding altitude and overall fitness? How much daylight is left in relation to the summit’s distance? There’s always that desire to be bold, be the superhero, and have that story about beating the odds to make an objective, but at what risk? The mountain is always going to be there and the trail will live for another day. Unwarranted criticism about the decisions that anybody makes in the mountains should be taken with a massive grain of salt.

Yellow tent on rocky mountain summit [Image Credit: Michael Restivo]

Image Credit: Michael Restivo

In 2012, on my first attempt of Mt. Rainier, we got caught in a storm on the upper reaches of the mountain. Despite the stinging cold, blinding snow, and unbearable wind, I was determined to make it to the top. Because of my ego and personal pride, I overlooked my condition and kept forging ahead, putting at risk my life and that of my teammates. The fault in my actions that day was due to the fact that I had under-assessed my own condition and tried to push ahead with all my strength despite being already exhausted on the upper slopes. The next few trips, I learned to treat climbs not as a reach for the summit, but instead to enjoy the beauty and the athleticism behind alpinism as a whole. On subsequent trips, such as getting turned back from Mt. Hood due to the warming weather and soft snow, or a turnaround on Washington’s Forbidden Peak because our timing at the base of the route was way off, I learned to respect these decisions for what they were. Not a representation of what I couldn’t do, but just the luck of the draw. An unfortunate side effect of what we do as climbers.

Sun sets over mountain range in Pacific Northwest [Image Credit: Michael Restivo]

Image Credit: Michael Restivo

Every climb is a learning experience. You learn how to read different conditions, how to gauge good movement, and take that into future ascents. During the climb there should never be any kind of doubt or “I don’t know” about the route. Ultimately, the decision of turning around will always be the right one.

Tips for Cross-Country Skiing

Planning on going cross-country skiing this winter? If so, check out these few tips before heading out the door!

Dress in Layers

Family dressed warmly cross-country skiing on a mountain

Image: www.llbean.com

Since cross-country skiing is an aerobic exercise, you can get over heated if you are dressed too warmly. A lightweight fleece top, tights, and weatherproof outdoor wear is best. You should also bring extra clothing and gear to stay comfortable.


Group of people cross country skiing with instructor

Image: www.onthesnow.com

While at the ski center, it is important to inform staff if it’s your first time skiing. You should ask about rules and trail etiquette. Before you go skiing, it is recommended that you take a class on avalanche awareness. Even if you are skiing on a flat terrain, it can still be dangerous.


Woman stretching in snow before skiing

Image: www.mnn.com

Stretching before and after helps you stay flexible and decreases muscle soreness. You will want to stretch your quadriceps, hamstrings, gluteus muscles, and calves as well your biceps and triceps.

Sun Protection

Sun reflecting on the snow trails

Image: www.flickr.com

Sunlight reflected off the snow and exposure over a few hours can cause sunburns. Wear sunscreen and sunglasses with good UV protection.


Staying hydrated while on the trails helps you stay warm. It is recommended to take a few sips of water even if you are not thirsty.


People cross country skiing on a gentle slope

Image: www.skigebiete-test.de

If it’s your first time cross-country skiing, find a gentle slope in a safe area where you can practice climbing and descending then move on to snowplow turns. As you get faster on your descents, you will want to learn to do step turns.


Cross country skiing in the woods

Image: www.fhwa.dot.gov

It’s always important to ski in control. To slow down your descent when skiing in groomed tracks, lift one ski out and set it at an angle to the track. Put pressure on the inside edge of that ski. Be sure not to press too hard or you may catch your ski and stop suddenly.

Suggested Gear:

  • Swix Tour Ski Pole
  • Salomon Carbon Energyzer
  • Ski Boots

Check out some gear that you may need to go cross-country skiing at our Gear Store.

Remember to have fun. It’s always about learning and trying new things! Also, download your state’s Pocket Ranger® app to find great cross-country skiing locations nearest you!

How to go Horseback Riding

Horseback riding in a state park can be a ton of fun but it can also be a dangerous activity if you are not careful or if you do not know how to go horseback riding. Here is a simple guide to follow to learn how to ride a horse.

Step 1: Location

Three horses in riding stable who want to go horseback riding

Image: cedarcreekcabinrentals.com

The first thing that you need to do is find a good riding stable. Some riding stables have an experienced riding instructor to help you. Download your state’s Pocket Ranger® app to find a state park that offers horseback riding and equestrian trails.

Step 2: Prepare Your Horse

Grooming brown horse

Image: www.reinsofthenight.com

Before you go horseback riding, it is important to groom your horse if it is dirty and to prevent your horse from feeling too warm. The next step is to tack your horse by putting on the saddle, the girth and then the bridle. You will have to know how to tie rope knots. An instructor will be there at your chosen location to help you with these steps, so don’t panic.

Step 3: Mount Your Horse

Woman mounting a horse

Image: www.caaequestrian.com

Always mount your horse on the left side. Hold the reins in your left hand and turn the stirrup (a pair of devices attached to each side of a horse’s saddle for the rider’s foot), towards you with your right hand. Put your left foot into the stirrup, hold the saddle and bounce gently on the stirrup. Then swing your right leg over the horse and sit down gently on the saddle.

Step 4: Find Your Balance

Horseback riding with instructor

Horseback Riding at Lake George State Park [Image Credit: Lisa Narine]

Once you are on the horse, the instructor will lead you until you are comfortable to ride on your own. If you feel unbalanced, hold onto your horse’s mane until you are steady. You will feel a rocking motion as you ride and the seat should naturally move with the motion. Your arms need to move with the motion of your horse while keeping your elbows light. Keep your back straight and look forward. One-third of your boot should be in the stirrup, keeping your heels pointing down.

Step 5: Using Aids to Control Your Horse

Woman holding horse reins, sitting on horse

Lake George State Park Stable [Image Credit: Lisa Narine]

Aids are considered to be your hands, legs and your seat. To make your horse move forward, squeeze your calves gently against the horse’s sides. If the horse doesn’t move, put more energy into it. Some horses also respond to clucks.

To make your horse halt, sit deep into the saddle and apply pressure with the reins. You can also say “whoa.”

To turn your horse, pull the left or right rein out to the side and apply pressure with your outside leg. If you don’t add pressure with your leg, your horse will not listen and it will continue moving forward.

Step 6: Trotting

English: Andalusian horse trotting with rider ...

English: Andalusian horse trotting with rider Deutsch: Andalusier im Trab mit Reiterin (Image Credit: Wikipedia)

If you are comfortable with the steps listed above, you can now learn how to trot with your horse! You have the option to either sit the trot or post the trot.

When you sit the trot, sit deep into the saddle and keep contact with your legs. Remember to keep your elbows relaxed. To post the trot, raise up in your stirrups every other step. Point your heel down and keep contact with the horse’s mouth. Make sure your hands stay still and don’t follow movements of the body because this is uncomfortable for the horse.

Horses trot diagonally, so when moving to the left, you should rise when your horse’s right shoulder is forward. When you are moving to the right, raise when your horse’s left shoulder is forward.

Step 7: Learn How to Canter

English: Andalusian horse cantering with rider...

English: Andalusian horse cantering with rider Deutsch: Andalusier im Galopp mit Reiterin (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

If you have become well experienced with horseback riding, you can now learn how to canter, which is a rocking motion. To canter, move your outside leg slightly back and squeeze. When you sit the canter, your seat will roll with the canter while you remain in the position you are riding. Remember not to tense up and keep a steady contact with the horse’s mouth. You can also canter while in “half-seat.” To sit half-seat, incline your shoulders and rotate your pelvis forward.

Remember to be cautious and always wear protective gear when you go horseback riding!

brown and white horse running in grass

Image: venomxbaby.deviantart.com

Suggested Gear:

  • Helmet
  • Elbow/Knee Pads
  • Long Pants

For your safety, check out our Pocket Ranger® gear store for these items and much more.

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Back to Basics: 4 Camping Essentials Necessary For Survival

A prepared camper is a happy camper. Before any extended outdoor adventure, it’s important to make sure you have all the camping essentials with you. Yes, we know sleeping bags, tents, proper shoes, and clothing are, in a sense, essential, but we’re talking about items you’d need if something were to go awry. We’re talking about stuff you need if you were to become lost for a long time. Here’s a list to help guide you during your next excursion.


Water is an essential part of life, so it’s super important to have it with you at all times, especially when you’re camping. The weather is going to be hot this summer and you definitely don’t want to get caught outside with no means of hydration. Let’s get hypothetical for just a secsay you’re stranded out in the woods with limited resources and outside communication. Perhaps you’ve heard of the survival Rule of Threes: one cannot survive for more than three minutes without air, three hours without shelter, three days without water, or three weeks without food. If you’re a true outdoorsperson, you would be able to use any available water source, build a fire, and purify the water, but chances are you’re not Bear Grylls. So please be sure to have this very important camping essential around at all times.


camping essentials

Image: www.campingtourist.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/camping-meals.jpg

Again, anything could happen on a camping or hiking trip, and it’s best to be proactive rather than reactive. Food is definitely on this list of camping essentials. Trust usyou don’t want to end up like the Canadian man who had to resort to eating his dog. The same dog who had saved his life days earlier by chasing off a bear. Remember our Rule of Threesyou can survive up to three weeks without food. It wouldn’t be pleasant, but you technically could. Pack enough food for breakfast, lunch, dinner, and plenty of snacks. You’ll probably hike all day, and you’ll need to replenish your energy. Be sure to not leave food out because it could attract scary wildlife to your campsite.


camping essentials

Image: www.PocketRanger.com

If you have a connection, you could always use Pocket Ranger®’s advanced GPS mapping features to navigate your way around. If you’re beyond the reach of a signal, then pull out your handy compass. You should always know where you’re going when you’re hiking or camping. If you don’t have some sort of tracking device, it’s easy to mix up directions and go farther away from where you need to be. Plus, you’ll seem real cool if you know how to use a compass.


camping essentials

Image: www.pictures.picpedia.com

It’s dark, cold, you hear scary sounds, and you’re afraid. No, you’re not at Charlie Sheen’s house. You’re night camping and you forgot your flashlight. You’ll need the extra light if you’re going to go out and use the restroom or if you need to leave your tent. If there’s no nearby light source, you can misstep and fall down a hill or seriously injure yourself. If you can construct a torch to carry around all night, then go for it. But trust usyou’ll want this camping essential. Don’t forget to pack extra batteries!

Wilderness Safety

So long as you use some good ole’ common sense, follow park rules, heed any warnings, and use your Pocket Ranger® app to guide your visit, we know you’ll have a blast exploring the outdoors. But what if you do all that and things still go awry? Fortunately, there are people like Joey Vulpis. Joey is the founder of Northeast Mountain Guiding (NMG), a company that provides outdoor education, professional level training for aspiring climbing guides, and guiding services to outdoor enthusiasts. Joey is also a team leader at Bayshore Wilderness/Ground Search & Rescue and a volunteer EMT.

We wanted to get together with Joey to talk about wilderness safety, and we couldn’t think of a better place to meet than at Allamuchy Mountain State Park in New Jersey, a site he frequently visits with NMG for their introductory rock-climbing course.

Joe D'Agastino, Joey Vulpis and Mike Grice guiding at Allamuchy Mountain State Park.

Joe D’Agastino, Joey Vulpis and Mike Grice guiding at Allamuchy Mountain State Park.

Q: Tell us a little bit about your experiences with outdoor safety and how you got started.

A: Like most guides, I wanted to make my hobby my career. It was a tough road but after 4 years and some chance taking we (NMG) are one of the largest in the Eastern US. We staff some of the most highly credentialed guides in the industry. The organizations that train and certify rock and/or trail guides (mountain leaders) were started by some of our employees. The Professional Hiking Guides Association, which trains and certifies trail guides at an international level recognized by the UIMLA was started by myself and some of our employees. One of our per-diem guides, Alan Jolley, is a co-founder of the AMGA. Our Gunks guide, Paul Curran, is the President of the Professional Climbing Guides Institute, which trains and certifies rock climbing guides. I am a board of directors member with them, as well.

Q: What are some of the more common injuries that you encounter?

A: We see a lot of simple injuries with our clients like scrapes, bruises, etc. Most of the major injuries we see out there are from recreational climbers who lack experience/knowledge of the terrain. Indoor climbing gyms give climbers a false sense of security because they climb so well indoors, and that’s not the case outdoors. Structural geology, dendrology, physics and metallurgy are major factors with outdoor climbing focusing on top-rope climbing.

I’m a team leader at Bayshore Search & Rescue and a volunteer EMT and we see some crazy injuries there from long bone fractures to head traumas to simple injuries like sprained ankles or dislocated bones. Most are from bad choices and lack of experience in the outdoor environment. Taking formal training from an outdoor education company is very beneficial and will provide the proper knowledge for the activity they are doing.

Q: All Pocket Ranger® apps have built-in safety features:

Alert Button: Allows users to send an alert to pre-selected contacts with the user’s longitude and latitude positions. A link to Google maps is also supplied so the recipient can view the user’s position on the map. (New Jersey residents have the option to notify State Park police through the Alert Button.)

Friend Finder: Users can sync devices with a friend to view and keep track of each other within park grounds. Multiple users (up to five friends) are acceptable—data reception required.

Waypoint Button: Drop a waypoint on your current position. You can even take a photo and use that as your waypoint. Name your waypoint and add notes before sharing it with your friends or simply viewing it on your GPS map.

Which of these safety features do you find most valuable and why?

A: I like the Alert button feature idea. It is similar to the SPOT device, which we use on international expeditions. Although, the Friend Finder is a pretty cool idea! But the Alert button feature is invaluable.

Q: What outdoor safety courses are offered by Northeast Mountain Guiding?

A: All of our courses focus on safety in a particular discipline in some aspect. Our rock and ice climbing courses, beginner to advanced and on to guide training, are all focused on safety in the rock discipline and how to be efficient as a climber while staying safe on the cliffs.

Our backpacking and mountaineering courses are also focused on safety in the trail/mountain discipline–picking out the proper campsite, non-lethal bear management, water filtration & purification methods and trail etiquette.

Q: Joey, we know you love the outdoors just as much as we do. How has Northeast Mountain Guiding helped others to develop an appreciation for the outdoors?

A: Everyday we’re amazed at what our clients and students accomplish after taking courses with us! Most of them come back again and again and follow us religiously on Facebook and other social media venues. Every year we have a half a dozen or more of our clients who attempt thru-hikes on the Appalachian Trail or other long distance trails in the US. Some of our clients have advanced so quickly that they are now employees with us.

We offer affordable rates for the general public and pay our employees very well. I didn’t start NMG to make a ton of money or to become rich, I started NMG to introduce people to what I love so much…the great outdoors! The paperwork involved with running a guiding business isn’t always fun, but seeing the faces of our clients when they tackle a hard climb or a rough trail or an international mountain is amazing.

Q: We think it’s great that you run guided trips/outings throughout the Northeast. Why do you love New Jersey’s State Parks?

A: I’ve been to many US states and have guided in many of them as well. But I call New Jersey home for a reason and it isn’t called the Garden State for kicks. NJ offers some amazing landscape and has some pretty good climbing for the mid-Atlantic region. North central and Northwest NJ is an old glacier area so the terrain that was carved by the glaciers is just beautiful. The topography that the glaciers left when they receded left us with some great climbing areas and hiking trails.

Q: Have you had to put your skills to the test while in the outdoors?

A: We put our skills to work daily while out there guiding. We have a lot of risks to manage when taking clients into the wilderness. Most of us volunteer or work part-time as CPR instructors, Lifeguards, EMTs, Paramedics, Nurses, etc. to keep our medical skills current for the safety of our clients. Most of us have also upgraded our urban medical certifications to wilderness medicine levels like Wilderness EMT and Remote Paramedic. We staff some of the most highly trained wilderness medical personnel in the country.

I’m a very big advocate for Wilderness Medicine training at the professional or recreational level. It will make the avid day-hiker or climber much more confident being out there. For an outdoor guide, well, it comes with job training.